Inflammation in the gastrointestinal area can lead to certain rectal diseases that may cause bloody stool. Take colitis as an example. This particular condition can lead to bloody stool. Colitis is an irritation in the colon area. It can be either acute or chronic and sometimes persistent. However, the problem with most rectal diseases is that most of them are asymptomatic. Meaning, the onset of signs and symptoms may mean another thing already.
The colon is situated in the abdominal activity. It is composed of three parts namely – cecum, ascending colon, transverse, and the descending colon. Since it is a given fact that the blood circulates around the body, it also reaches the areas of the colon. But when there is lack of blood, diseases like colitis develop. This is the primary scientific cause of why rectal diseases exist.
Possible causes of colitis
Aside from lack of oxygen in the colon, there are other possible causes for having colitis such as:
- Infectious colitis – This is a type of colitis that is caused by bacteria and viruses. These viruses can be acquired from food that is not prepared hygienically. Some of the bacteria that can cause infectious colitis include the following: E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter. A patient may have this if he/she went through food poisoning.
- Ischemic colitis – This is caused by lack of oxygen in the colon, as mentioned earlier.
- Inflammatory bowel diseases – Chron’s disease, diarrhea and constipation can stress the colon area that may lead to lesions.
These are just some of the most common causes of colitis; there are more depending on the type of colitis that you have.
The signs and symptoms of colitis
Aside from blood in stool, some of the signs and symptoms of colitis may include the following. Do take note that most of these symptoms are rarely felt by the patient unless the pain is in the extreme levels already. As mentioned, this is the problem with many rectal diseases.
Possible symptoms are:
- Abdominal pain, severe
- Urge to move bowels at most times
From the list of signs and symptoms, you will clearly notice that it can colitis can be mistaken for something else, that is why seeking professional advice from a medical practitioner is highly recommended.
Blood found in the stool means that there is something wrong with the body. Whether or not it is as simple as hemorrhoids or as serious as colon cancer, visiting a doctor is needed. In going to the doctor, he/she will request that you go through certain laboratory examinations as these will allow the physician to make sound decision regarding detecting and treating your disease. Medical history will be taken as well tests which include abdominal x-ray, barium enema, abdominal CT scan, and abdominal MRI. This will help the doctor determine the type of colitis that the patient has. Moreover, this will best assist the doctor in creating the treatment plan for the patient.
Ways to treat colitis
Treating colitis depends on its type. There are some forms that may require serious treatment, while other types can be addressed at by home care practices. For colitis caused by infections, antibiotic treatment should be administered to the patient. If it is because of inflammatory bowel diseases, then the patient will be given anti-inflammatory drugs. Sometimes, surgery may even be required. Analgesics are also recommended to ease the pain that the patient feels. All these are important to avoid complications brought by colitis.